glorious Capital of Himachal Pradesh was formerly
summer capital during the British Rule, before 1947. The hill town
of Shimla is connected with several hills and slopes. The
important hills are Jakhu(8050 ft), Prospect Hill (7140 ft),
Observatory Hill ( 7050 ft), Elysium Hill (7400 ft), and Summer
Hill (6900 ft). There is a great controversy over the origin of
the name Shimla.
Name Shimla -->
The name Shimla was derived from 'Shyamalaya' meaning blue
house said to be the name of house built of blue slate by a faqir
on Jakhu hills. According to one version Shimla takes it name from
'Shamla' meaning a blue female another name for Goddess Kali. The
place was on the Jakhu Hillside, there was a temple of Goddess
Kali. During the British period the image of the Goddess was
shifted to a new place ,now famous Kali Bari Temple. Shimla
remained unnoticed during the Gurkha War. It was only in 1819 A.D.
that the then Assistant Political Agent of hill states Lt. Ross
set up first British residence, a mere wood cottage. His successor
Lt. Charles Patt Kennedy' errected the first permement house in
1822 named after Lt. Kennedy as 'Kennedy House'.
Tourist Destination --> As a tourist destination Shimla is
surrounded by pine and deodar forests. Temperature is ideal in
summers and tourists flock it in great numbers and it is highly
advisable to get hotel reservations done well in advance despite
the fact that there are over 1000 hotels in Shimla. It is well
connected by road to the plains. Facilities and amenities are
good. People are friendly. Most of guests visiting Himachal
Pradesh often start their journey from Shimla, because of its
close proximity to Chandigarh, Delhi Air & Railway Stations.